Soak the fava beans overnight ( or at lease 4-5 hours) in lots of fresh water. This will soften them.
Drain the fava beans & rinse in cold water.
In a food processor pulse the fava beans until they become like breadcrumbs. x
Add the herbs, spices, bicarb soda (this makes the falafel fluffy!) and salt to taste & pulse again so the herbs are minced & incorporated into the fava bean mix.
Heat enough oil in a pan to deep fry the falafel ( I like to use a small saucepan & approx 5 cm (2-3 inches) of oil)
When the oil is hot (drop a breadcrumb in , when it bubbles & turns crispy the oil is hot enough) drop small spoons full /small balls of the falafel mix into the oil - about 4 -5 at a time.
Fry until crispy & brown on the outside.
Serve with tahini sauce (a mix of tahini, lemon juice & water) or hummus. Or in a wrap with lots of salad, tahini sauce, chilli sauce & pickles.
You can also make balls or burger shapes & oven bake the falafel at approx 180c for around 10 mins.